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British Industrial History

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1891 Cotton Mills

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Summary of the Approximate Numbers of Spindles and Looms

These figures refer to Cotton Mills only

Area No of Mills No of Spindles No of Looms
Accrington, Baxenden, Church, Clayton-le-Moors, Huncoat and Oswaldtwistle 52 518,704 27,776
Ashton-under-Lyne, Bardsley, Guide Bridge and Hurst 35 1,689,586 9,042
Bacup, Britannia and Stacksteads ... 26 402,814 13,117
Blackburn, Belthorne, Hoghton, Laugho, Livesey, Mellor, Read, Rishton, Sabden and Whalley ... 118 1,459,104 75,132
Bolton, Ainsworth, Astley Bridge, Belmont, Bromley Cross, Darcy Lever, Edgworth, Entwistle, Great Lever, Horwich, Little Lever, Longworth, Lostock, Sharples, Turton and West Houghton 107 4,715,890 21,402
Burnley, Barley, Briercliffe, Brierfield, Hapton and Worsthorne ... 121 923,259 74,482
Bury, Birtle, Blackford Bridge, Elton, Heap Bridge, Pilsworth, Summerseat, Tottington, Walmereley, Walshaw and Woolfold 50 829,598 19,964
Chorley, Adlington, Birkacre, Brinscall, Eccleston, Euston, Heapey, Wheelton, Whittle-le-Woods and Withnell ... 25 480,804 14,089
Clitheroe, Chatburn and Grindleton 16 108,312 7,676
Colne, Foulridge, Laneshaw Bridge and Trawden ... 43 81,500 13,727
Darwen (Over and Lower), Eceleshill, Hoddlesden and Spring Vale 50 363,210 23,963
Denton... 2 75,570 -
Dukinfield... 13 577,732 900
Farnworth, Kearsley, Little Hulton, Moses Gate, Stoneclough and Walkden 46 514,522 8,813
Glossop, Broadbottom, Charleaworth, Dinting, Hadfield, Hollingworth and Mottram 18 1,111,134 14,950
Golborne 3 87,456 1,130
Great Harwood 10 73,602 7,544
Haslingden, Grane and Helmshore 31 130,168 12,937
Heywood 37 782,766 7,131
Hyde, Godley and Newton Moor 16 549,186 7,342
Lancaster 4 29,496 864
Leigh and Bedford Leigh; Astley, Atherton, Glazebury, Pennington and Tyldesley 21 1,400,546 5,284
Littleborough... 8 105,644 3,524
Manchester and Salford, Blackley, Boothstown, Clayton, Droylsden, Eccles, Failsworth, Fairfield, Flixton, Patricroft, Pendlebury, Swinton and Worsley 148 2,954,840 26,890
Middleton, Alkrington, Rhodes and Tongs ... 15 465,256 2,191
Mossley, Brookbottom, Micklehurst and Roaches 14 1,241,094 900
Nelson and Barrowford 64 58,736 28,655
Newchurch, Water and Waterfoot. . . and Rawtenstall, Clough Fold, Crawshawbooth 34 507,476 11,589
Oldham, Chadderton, Crompton, Grotton, Hey, Hollinwood, Lees, Middleton Junction, Royton, Shaw and Springhead 238 11,388,375 20,247
Padiham and Higham 14 191,070 8,709
Preston, Bamber Bridge, Croston, Garstang, Kirkham, Leyland, Longridge, Lostock Hall, Penwortham, Ribehester and Walton-le-Dale 80 2,077,625 55,949
Radcliffe, Besses-o'th'-Barn, Prestwich, Unsworth and Whitefield ... 49 130,700 9,382
Ramsbottom, Erenfield, Shuttleworth and Stubbins ... 27 127,450 9,503
Rochdale, Bagalate, Bamford, Castleton, Cheesden, Facit, Milnrow, Newhey, Norden, Ogden, Shawforth, Smallbridge, Smithy Bridge, Wardle and Whitworth 95 1,883,668 24,811
Stalybridge, Millbrook and Stayley 20 1,127,256 6,549
Stockport, Birch Vale, Compstall, Furness Vale, Hayfield, Hazel Grove, Heaton Mersey, Heaton Norris, Marple, Mellor, New Mills, Reddish, Romiley, Strines and Whaley Bridge 80 2,028,614 11,561
Todmorden, Cornholme, Eastwood, Portsmouth and Waisden 42 254,422 14,296
Uppermill and Greenfield ... 6 168,944 100
Warrington and Culcheth 3 84,000 2,536
Wigan, Aspull Moor and Hindley ... 14 701,572 6,277
Total 1,793 42,401,701 610,934


In addition to the above there are -

  • 3 Carpet
  • 3 Flax
  • 5 Hosiery
  • 21 Silk
  • 42 Smallware
  • 82 Wollen and Worsted

Making a total of 1,949 firms engaged in spinning and manufacturing Textile Fabrics

Sources of Information

1891 Worrall's Cotton Spinners Directory