Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

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Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 150,047 pages of information and 235,418 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

1862 London Exhibition: Catalogue: Class IX.: Richard Garrett and Son

From Graces Guide
Improved Portable Steam Engine
Improved Fixed Steam Engine with Horizontal Cylinder
Double-cylinder Steam Ploughing Engine and Tackle
Improved Stone Mill for Grinding Wheat
Patent Combined Thrashing and Dressing Machine
Improved Corn-dressing Machine
Improved Horse-power Open-drum Thrashing Machine
Improved Eleven-row Suffolk Lever Corn and Seed Drill
Patent Broadcast Manure Distributor
Patent Horse-hoe

2117. Garrett, Richard, and Son, Leiston Works, Suffolk.

A selection of the most approved agricultural machinery.

Obtained the Council Medal in 1851; Gold Medal of Honor, Paris, 1855; and first-Class Gold Medal, Vienna, 1856; also 50 gold and silver medals from the different agricultural societies of Europe. R. G. and Son have in addition to these received an unprecedented number of money prizes, amounting to £1,200, and commendations almost without limit.


The firm Of RICHARD GARRETT and SON solicit the attention of noblemen, land owners, and farmers of all nations (who are desirous to improve agriculture), to their engines, machines, and implements, which are constructed upon the most scientific principles, of first-class workmanship, aided by the most modern mechanical appliances to facilitate the manufacture in both wood and metals, all which materials are selected with a view to the utmost durability, which can best be appreciated by those who have recently inspected their works.

R. G. and Son respectfully invite all who may desire to form their judgment upon a sound basis, to avail themselves of the convenience which the Eastern Counties Railway now affords, for an inspection, which cannot fail to induce them to patronise implements and machines of such superior manufacture and perfect finish.

All machinery and implements of R. G. and Son's manufacture may be seen in practical use on the farm annexed to the works, and adjoining the Leiston Railway Station.

The widely spread, and rapidly increasing demand throughout Europe for steam thrashing machines (in which this firm has retained the precedence for improvements during the last half century) has urged upon them the necessity for producing a machine, more simple and effective in performing all the operations necessary to separate the corn from the straw, and make it a clean and perfect sample for sale. This is now done in one process, without any waste, and with very little manual labour, by the combined thrashing and dressing machine, described in the following pages.

Richard Garrett and Son also exhibit their well-known standard implements and machines, viz. portable and fixed steam engines, horse-power thrashing machines, dressing machines, grinding mills, drills, and horse-hoes adapted for all methods of cultivation, which will be briefly described in the following pages. Detailed catalogues and particulars of shipment, with estimates of cost of delivery to any part of the world, may be obtained on application to Leiston Works, or at their stand, in Class 9, at the International Exhibition.

In consequence of the extensive connexions of this firm, shipments are made in full cargoes, by vessels freighted direct from the works to many of the principal European ports, and this arrangement saves their customers the heavy charges usually incurred for packing and incidental shipping expenses, and insures the machinery being delivered in a sound and perfect condition. When required a competent man can be sent at a moderate expense, to instruct others in the use and management of the machines in work.

GARRETT and SON'S IMPROVED PORTABLE STEAM ENGINE. Price, with travelling wheels, complete, varying according to power, from £170 to £420

A marked improvement will be found not only in the appearance, but also in the practical working qualities of R. G. and Son's improved portable steam engines since the exhibition of 1851, at which, in common with one other exhibitor only, they received the council medal for the portable steam engine then exhibited. So great has been the demand for their improved portable steam engines in connexion with the patent thrashing machines, and also for contractors' purposes, that an entire new set of workshops, covering about two acres of ground, have been added to the Leiston Works since the year 1851. These shops are fitted with the latest and most approved mechanical tools and appliances for producing this class of machinery of the very best description, mechanically constructed and arranged, with every part perfectly true, and thoroughly well finished, and also at a first cost so moderate as to enable R. G. and Son to defy competition. With these facilities at their command, Garrett and Son are in a position to execute orders to any extent promptly.

These engines are adapted for working a thrashing and dressing machine of large dimensions, a circular or vertical sawing machine, a stone grinding mill, a set of steam cultivating apparatus, etc. etc. The two main points R. G. and Son have taken especial pains to carry out in the improvements introduced into their portable engines, are—

Economy in the consumption of fuel and the arrangement of the working parts with a view to durability and facility for renewing the wearing parts when necessary. And in these very important points, R. G. and Son have been eminently successful, and can with confidence refer to any of their portable engines now in use in almost every county of England, and in many parts of Ireland, Scotland, Europe, and the Colonies.

GARRETT and SON'S IMPROVED FIXED STEAM ENGINE, with horizontal cylinder. Price, complete, 4 to 20 horse power, £120 to £440

This form of engine is now generally preferred to those with vertical cylinders, being more compact in form, occupying less space, is fixed with greater facility and at less cost, and more easy of removal.

It is fixed on a metal foundation plate, and the various working parts being easily accessible, the adjustment and repairs are done with facility, the boiler is on the Cornish principle of an improved construction, and will be found very economical in generating steam, exceedingly strong and durable. Every part required for working these engines, including all the requisite fittings, to the end of the fly-wheel shaft, are sent with each engine.

RICHARD GARRETT and SON have recently arranged for the manufacture of steam cultivating apparatus, with the latest improvements, under Messrs. Howard's various patents. Full detailed particulars will be given on application.

GARRETT and SON'S IMPROVED STONE MILL for grinding wheat for flour, and other corn for feeding purposes. Price, with pair of French burr or peak stones, £44 to £90-10s

This mill is adapted for grinding every description of farm produce expeditiously and economically, and is fitted with an improved apparatus for adjusting the stones so as to grind to any degree of fineness required An improved wrought-iron crane is sent with it which is used for the purpose of raising the upper stone when required to do so for dressing.

GARRETT and SON'S PATENT COMBINED THRASHING AND DRESSING MACHINE, for steam or water power, on the new principle introduced by R. G. and Son, in 1859, and secured by letters patent. Price, according to power, complete for travelling, from £85 to £130

The cut given below shows one of R. G. and Son's new patent machines described in their Illustrated Catalogue as "A2", and explains the new and improved construction introduced into this class of machines, as compared with those on the old principle. The main difference between the two is, that in the patent machines, all the blast necessary for dressing the grain is produced at one place by a fan (marked A in the cut), and conducted through the trunks B1 and B2, where it comes into contact with the grain, and by means of the valves C1, C2, and C3 can be regulated instantaneously, so as to suit every kind and description of grain. Instead of this compact and convenient arrangement, in machines made on the old system, the different separations are made by complicated machinery, placed in various parts of the machine, requiring great power to work it, and involving a considerable amount of friction, and consequently increased wear and tear. This machine is fitted with an improved revolving screen, by which four perfect separations are made, and the grain delivered into four sacks, viz. best corn, seconds ditto, tail corn, and seeds the chaff (a very great improvement) being delivered quite free from seeds. This machine will deliver the corn rough-dressed instead of finishing it for market when required, and is adapted to the power of an 8-horse engine.

GARRETT and SON'S PATENT COMBINED THRASHING AND DRESSING MACHINE, for rough-dressing grain, i. e., leaving the sample so that by once' passing through a finishing-dressing machine, it is fit for market. Price according to power, complete for travelling, from £80 to £120

No cut is given of this machine, as it is constructed on precisely the same principle as the foregoing machine, and only differs from it in having two instead of three blasts. The same description that applies to the foregoing machine (excepting merely so far as it refers to the third blast) applies equally to this. It may be thought superfluous to bring out a machine that professes only to rough-dress the corn, seeing that the finishing machines are adapted for being used as rough-dressers, doing equally good work in either case; but as there are a large number of agriculturists who will not have the finishing machines under any circumstances, R. G. and Son found it desirable to bring out a machine on their new patent principle, for rough-dressing only, and without the necessary additional machinery required for finishing the sample.

These machines are adapted for the power of a 5 to 8-horse engine, and are described in R. G. and Son's Illustrated Catalogue (in English) as the B machine.

It is essentially important to bear in mind, that this machine will under ordinary circumstances be found to finish the sample for market.


This machine is more particularly adapted for the purpose of dressing corn when the chaff, broken straw, ears, leaf, and rubbish are all mixed, and for separating the inferior corn from the best. It will dress all kinds of grain or small seeds, and is fitted with a spiked roller for chaffing the corn when in a very rough state.


This machine is for the purpose of dressing all kinds of corn or small seeds in a perfect manner after being roughly sifted. It requires but a small amount of power to work it, say one man and a boy, and it will perform a large quantity of work in proportion to the power, cleaning all kinds of corn and small seeds perfectly.

GARRETT and SON'S HORSE-POWER BOLTING THRASHING MACHINE. Price, complete, with travelling wheels,

  • 3-horse power £50-0s
  • 4-horse power 57-10s

R. G. and Son's Thrashing Machine was the only one included in the award of a Council Medal, in 1851.

These machines were introduced by R. G. and Son about 25 years ago, in order to supply a demand then and still considered to be of the greatest importance, viz. the delivery of the straw quite uninjured, and fit either for use on the farm, for thatching purposes, or for sale; and the peculiar form of drum fitted to these machines answers for this purpose most satisfactorily, as the straw is delivered by it quite straight and unbroken. For thrashing barley by horse-power, this form of machine stands unrivalled, as it in no way injures the germ of the seed. Agriculturists residing in the vicinity of large towns where the straw can be profitably sold, have found this machine a valuable acquisition. The "bolting" drum has also been applied to the combined machines for steam- power, and is used extensively in every part of England.


The above engraving represents the machine set down for work, with the jointed spindle and bridge to connect them.

GARRETT and SON'S IMPROVED HORSE-POWER OPEN-DRUM THRASHING MACHINE, adapted expressly for being worked by small colonial or foreign horses. Price, complete, with travelling wheels,

  • 2-horse power £36
  • 4-horse power £48

R. G. and Son were the only exhibitors who received the Council Medal for thrashing machines in 1851.

They have also received for their horse power thrashing machines, awards at the Great International Exhibitions of England, France, and Germany, and numerous other prizes (in all some 50 medals and £1,200 in specie).

This machine has been brought out expressly for the purpose of suiting the special requirements of the colonial and foreign farmers; the travelling wheels are made extra broad and strong, fitted with iron axles, with hollowed boxes to carry the grease, especially adapted for travelling over rough roads or uncultivated ground, and properly proportioned to the power of the horses for effectually working the same. The woodwork is extra seasoned by being specially dried, and will not be the least injured in the hottest climates, and the machine is constructed throughout with the view of economising cost of freight by packing in the smallest possible compass.

The working parts are precisely similar in construction to the ordinary open- drum thrashing machines of R. G. and Son's manufacture, of which 3,500 have been sold during the last 30 years.

GARRETT and SON'S IMPROVED ELEVEN-ROW SUFFOLK LEVER CORN AND SEED DRILL. Price of the drill for 9 rows spreading 5 feet, to 13 rows spreading 7 feet, £21-10s to £26-15s

This drill is extensively' used at home and abroad for the purpose of drilling in rows at any distance apart, wheat, barley, beans, peas, and other grain, and by changing the delivery barrel, turnips, mangold wurtzel, and other seeds.

An improvement has been made in the fore-steerage, rend3ring it easier of management, and preventing its proper working being affected by clods and other inequalities of the surface. It is adapted for every description of soil, for flat or hilly lands, and will be found to perform in the most efficient and economical manner every operation for which a drill can be employed.

For price of the different wearing parts, extras, etc. see R. G. and Son's Illustrated Catalogue (in English), page 5.

GARRETT and SON'S IMPROVED SMALL OCCUPATION LEVER CORN AND SEED DRILL. Price of the drill for 7 rows spreading 4 feet, to 10 rows spreading 5.5 feet, £16 to £20

This drill is similar to the preceding one so far as it is adapted for drilling all kinds of corn and seed, but as it is constructed on a smaller scale, and the frame, and also the various wearing parts, are made lighter, it is not adapted for drilling such large quantities as the full size Suffolk corn drill, being more suitable for small light land farms.

For price of the different wearing parts, extras, etc. see R. G. and Son's Illustrated Catalogue.

GARRETT & SON'S IMPROVED GENERAL PURPOSE LEVER DRILL, with 11 coulters, for drilling all kinds of corn and seed, either with or without manure. Price of the drill, with 9 rows spreading 5 feet, to 13 rows spreading 7 feet, £38 to £46.

This drill is adapted for performing the various operations of seeding and manuring the soil. It will deposit all kinds of grain or seed, either with or without compost or artificial manures, at any required distances apart, and at any depths. It will drill with perfect regularity in going up or down hill, also on side hills as well as on flat land, and it is equally well adapted for lands ploughed flat or in ridges. The jointed iron lever introduced by R. G. & Son some years since, is a valuable adjunct to the drill, and has been generally adopted. The Chambers' patent barrel is calculated for drilling artificial manures in any required quantities, say from 2 to 60 bushels per acre ; and the drill, when required, can be used for distributing manure broadcast, over grass or corn lands.

GARRETT & SON'S IMPROVED THREE-ROW ECONOMICAL SEED AND MANURE DRILL, for turnips and other seeds with Immures on flat or ridge lands. Price of the drill complete, for 3 rows £16-10s

This is a very cheap, serviceable, and efficient drill, for the purpose of drilling in rows on either flat or ridge ploughed lands, all kinds of seeds with artificial or any light pulverized manures.

It is adapted to the draught of a pony or small horse, an l will be found most convenient for use and easy of management.

CHAMBERS' PATENT BROADCAST MANURE DISTRIBUTOR. Price complete, spreading 7.5 feet, £16-10s to £19-0s

Included in the award of the gold medaille d'honneur, Paris, 1855, and the first gold medal, at Vienna, 1857. This machine is in extensive use both at home and abroad, for the purpose of distributing either broadcast or in rows, all kinds of artificial manures, such as guano, blood manures, salt, nitrate of soda, etc. which it delivers in the most even manner, in quantities varying as required from 2 to 100 bushels per English statute acre.

GARRETT'S PATENT HORSE-HOE. Price of the horse-hoe, complete, £16 to £22. This well-known implement has met with an unparalleled success, both in competing for prizes, and in being brought into practical use, as it has won every prize for which it has contended, and after twenty years' practical test in all parts of the world, is universally admitted to be as thoroughly efficient and useful an implement as there is in use.

This implement will hoe in an effectual manner every variety of drilled root or grain crop, at the rate of 10 to 15 English statute acres per day, and at a cost of not exceeding 6d. per acre. It will work effectually on uneven ground; the hoes are kept a uniform depth in the ground, and the weeds are effectually destroyed, however uneven the surface of the ground may be. The steerage is a valuable addition to the hoe, as it enables the attendant to steer the hoes to the greatest nicety, and does away • with any risk of cutting up the plants. The new patented arrangement for regulating the position of the hoe blade will be found superior to any other, and very effectual. A grass seed engine is attached to this hoe for the purpose of sowing grass seeds broadcast, while hoeing spring corn, delivering the same in any required quantities by means of revolving brushes.

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