Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 110,315 pages of information and 152,994 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Timeline: Railway Companies

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Railways Timeline

A list of the UK Railway Companies, with the date they first opened (or partly opened), and what became of them.

Opened Name of Railway What became of it
1798 Llandegai Tramway 1802 >> Penrhyn Quarry Railway
1802 Merthyr Tramroad 1804 Trevithick's steam engine trial
1802 Penrhyn Quarry Railway 1962 Closed
1803 Surrey Iron Railway 1805 >> Croydon, Merstham and Godstone Iron Railway
1804 Swansea and Mumbles Railway Aka as Oystermouth Railway
1805 Croydon, Merstham and Godstone Iron Railway 1938 Closed
1810 Gloucester and Cheltenham Railway 1836 >> Cheltenham and Great Western Union Railway
1812 Middleton Colliery Railway First steam locomotive was Salamanca
1812 Kilmarnock and Troon Railway 1899 >> Glasgow and South Western Railway
1813 Wylam Colliery
1813 Severn and Wye Railway 1893 >> Midland Railway and Great Western Railway
1814 Killingworth Colliery
1814 Llanvihangel Railway 1846 >> Newport, Abergavenny and Hereford Railway
1815 Radstock Tramway
1818/19 Grosmont Railway 1846 >> Newport, Abergavenny and Hereford Railway
1819 Mansfield and Pinxton Railway 1847 >> Midland Railway
1822 Hetton Colliery Railway
1823 Plymouth and Dartmoor Railway 1883 >> Parts sold to Princetown Railway and London and South Western Railway
1825 Stockton and Darlington Railway 1863 >> North Eastern Railway
1826 Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway 1848 >> Monkland Railways
1826 Stratford and Moreton Tramway 1868 >> Great Western Railway
1828 Ballochney Railway 1848 >> Monkland Railways
1829 Bolton and Leigh Railway 1845 >> Grand Junction Railway
1829 Shutt End Railway aka Pensnett Railway
1829 Hereford Railway 1846 >> Newport, Abergavenny and Hereford Railway
1830 Liverpool and Manchester Railway 1845 >> Grand Junction Railway
1830 Canterbury and Whitstable Railway 1844 >> South Eastern Railway
1831 Glasgow and Garnkirk Railway 1862/87 >> Caledonian Railway
1831 Warrington and Newton Railway 1838 >> Grand Junction Railway
1831 Cromford and High Peak Railway 1887 >> London and North Western Railway
1831 Kenyon and Leigh Railway 1845 >> Grand Junction Railway
1831 Edinburgh and Dalkeith Railway 1845 >> North British Railway
1832 Leicester and Swannington Railway 1845 >> Midland Railway
1833 St. Helen's and Runcorn Gap Railway 1864 >> London and North Western Railway
1833 Clarence Railway 1852 >> West Hartlepool Railway
1834 Leeds and Selby Railway 1854 >> North Eastern Railway
1834 Stanhope and Tyne Railway 1841 >> Pontop and South Shields Railway
1834 Hull and Selby Railway 1854 >> North Eastern Railway
1834 Dublin and Kingstown Railway
1836 London and Greenwich Railway 1845 >> South Eastern Railway
1836 Durham and Sunderland Railway 1847 >> Newcastle and Darlington Junction Railway
1837 Grand Junction Railway 1846 >> London and North Western Railway
1837 London and Birmingham Railway 1846 >> London and North Western Railway
1838 London and Southampton Railway 1839 >> London and South Western Railway
1838 Durham Junction Railway 1844 >> Newcastle and Darlington Junction Railway
1838 Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal Navigation and Railway 1846 >> Manchester and Leeds Railway
1838 Newcastle and Carlisle Railway 1862 >> North Eastern Railway
1838 North Union Railway 1846 >> Grand Junction Railway
1838 Sheffield and Rotherham Railway 1845 >> Midland Railway
1839 Manchester and Leeds Railway 1847 >> Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway
1839 Birmingham and Derby Junction Railway 1844 >> Midland Railway
1839 York and North Midland Railway 1854 >> North Eastern Railway
1839 Great Western Railway
1839 Midland Counties Railway 1844 >> Midland Railway
1839 London and Croydon Railway 1846 >> London, Brighton and South Coast Railway
1839 London and South Western Railway 1923 >> Southern Railway
1839 Ulster Railway 1876 >> Great Northern Railway (Ireland)
1839 Eastern Counties Railway 1902 >> Great Eastern Railway
1839 Brandling Junction Railway 1844 >> Newcastle and Darlington Junction Railway
1839 Newcastle and North Shields Railway 1845 >> Newcastle and Berwick Railway
1839 York and North Midland Railway 1854 >> North Eastern Railway
1839 London and Blackwall Railway 1923 >> London and North Eastern Railway
1840 North Midland Railway 1844 >> Midland Railway
1840 Slamannan Railway 1848 >> Monkland Railways
1840 Birmingham and Gloucester Railway 1845 >> Birmingham and Bristol Railway
1840 Cheltenham and Great Western Union Railway 1844 >> Great Western Railway
1840 Birmingham, Bristol and Thames Junction Railway aka West London Railway
1840 West London Railway 1923 >> Great Western Railway and London, Midland and Scottish Railway
1840 Chester and Birkenhead Railway 1847 >> Birkenhead, Lancashire and Cheshire Junction Railway
1840 Chester and Crewe Railway 1840 >> Grand Junction Railway
1840 Lancaster and Preston Junction Railway 1859 >> Lancaster and Carlisle Railway
1840 Manchester and Birmingham Railway 1846 >> London and North Western Railway
1840 Northern and Eastern Railway 1902 >> Great Eastern Railway
1840 Preston and Wyre Joint Railway 1923 >> London, Midland and Scottish Railway
1840 Taff Vale Railway 1923 >> Great Western Railway
1840 Stockton and Hartlepool Railway 1852 >> West Hartlepool Railway
1841 London and Brighton Railway 1846 >> London, Brighton and South Coast Railway
1841 South Eastern Railway
1841 Bolton and Preston Railway 1844 >> Northern Union Railway
1841 Great North of England Railway 1846 >> Newcastle and Darlington Junction Railway
1841 Sheffield, Ashton-under-Lyne and Manchester Railway 1847 >> Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway
1844 Midland Railway 1923 >> London, Midland and Scottish Railway
1844 Newcastle and Darlington Junction Railway 1846 >> York and Newcastle Railway
1844 North British Railway 1923 >> London and North Eastern Railway
1844 Dublin and Drogheda Railway 1875 >> Northern Railway of Ireland
1845 Brighton and Chichester Railway 1846 >> London, Brighton and South Coast Railway
1845 Wilsontown, Morningside and Coltness Railway 1849 >> Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway
1845 Birmingham and Bristol Railway 1846 >> Midland Railway
1845 Maryport and Carlisle Railway 1923 >> London, Midland and Scottish Railway
1846 London and North Western Railway 1923 >> London, Midland and Scottish Railway
1846 Brighton Lewes and Hastings Railway 1846 >> London, Brighton and South Coast Railway
1846 Croydon and Epsom Railway 1846 >> London, Brighton and South Coast Railway
1846 London, Brighton and South Coast Railway 1923 >> Southern Railway
1846 North British Railway 1923 >> London and North Eastern Railway
1846 Great North of Scotland Railway 1923 >> London and North Eastern Railway
1846 Newport, Abergavenny and Hereford Railway 1860 >> West Midland Railway
1846 Lancaster and Carlisle Railway 1879 >> London and North Western Railway
1846 South Devon Railway 1876 >> Great Western Railway
1846 Eastern Union Railway 1862 >> Great Eastern Railway
1847 York, Newcastle and Berwick Railway 1854 >> North Eastern Railway
1847 Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway 1922 >> London and North Western Railway
1847 Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway 1897 >> Great Central Railway
1847 Newcastle and Berwick Railway 1847 >> York, Newcastle and Berwick Railway
1847 York, Newcastle and Berwick Railway 1854 >> North Eastern Railway
1848 Monkland Railways 1865 >> Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway
1848 Great Northern Railway 1823 >> London and North Eastern Railway
1848 Birkenhead, Lancashire and Cheshire Junction Railway 1859 >> Birkenhead Railway
1849 Manchester, Buxton, Matlock and Midlands Junction Railway
1849 Leeds Northern Railway 1854 >> North Eastern Railway
1849 Edinburgh and Hawick Railway 1923 >> London and North Eastern Railway
1850 East and West India Docks and Birmingham Junction Railway 1853 >> North London Railway
1850 Glasgow and South Western Railway 1923 >> London, Midland and Scottish Railway
1850 Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway 1860 >> West Midland Railway
1852 West Hartlepool Railway 1865 >> North Eastern Railway
1853 Malton and Driffield Railway 1854 >> North Eastern Railway
1853 North London Railway 1908 >> London and North Western Railway
1854 North Eastern Railway 1923 >> London and North Eastern Railway
1854 Halesworth, Beccles and Haddiscoe Railway 1854 >> East Suffolk Railway
1858 East Kent Railway 1859 >> London, Chatham and Dover Railway
1859 London, Chatham and Dover Railway 1923 >> Southern Railway
1859 Llanidloes and Newtown Railway 1864 >> Cambrian Railways
1859 Birkenhead Railway 1861 >> Great Western Railway and London and North Eastern Railway
1859 East Suffolk Railway
1860 Belfast and Northern Counties Railway 1903 >> Midland Railway
1861 South Durham and Lancashire Union Railway
1861 Oswestry and Newtown Railway 1864 >> Cambrian Railways
1861 Worcester and Hereford Railway 1860 >> West Midland Railway
1862 Great Eastern Railway 1923 >> London and North Eastern Railway
1862 Irish North Western Railway 1876 >> Great Northern Railway (Ireland).
1863 Oswestry, Ellesmere and Welshpool Railway 1864 >> Cambrian Railways
1863 Newtown and Machynlleth Railway 1864 >> Cambrian Railways
1863 Metropolitan Railway 1933 >> London Passenger Transport Board
1863 Bathgate and Coatbridge Railway 1865 >> Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway
1864 Cambrian Railways 1923 >> Great Western Railway
1864 District Railway 1933 >> London Passenger Transport Board
1865 Highland Railway 1923 >> London, Midland and Scottish Railway
1873 Edinburgh, Loanhead and Roslin Railway 1877 >> North British Railway
1875 Northern Railway of Ireland 1876 >> Great Northern Railway (Ireland).
1876 Great Northern Railway (Ireland)
1884 Edinburgh Suburban and Southside Junction Railway
1897 Great Central Railway

See Also

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Sources of Information