Ruston and Hornsby
From Graces Guide
of the Sheaf Iron Works, Lincoln. Telephone: Lincoln 580. Telegraphic Address: "Ruston, Lincoln". (1937)
Manufacturer of traction and stationary engines
See also -
1919 October. Prospectus. Directors are:
- J. S. Ruston Chairman
- A. E. Tylor Deputy-Chairman
- H. Simpson Gee
- Johann Auguste Diedrich Bornemann
- F. H. Livens
- A. R. Bellamy
- A. Ramsay
- J. A. Goodwyn
- J. H. W. Pawlyn
- V. W. Bone
After World War I they attempted to diversify and one outcome was the Ruston-Hornsby car. Two versions were made, a 15.9 hp with a Dorman 2,614 cc engine and a larger 20hp model with 3308 cc engine of their own manufacture. The cars were expensive and never reached the hoped for production volumes. About 1500 were made between 1919 and 1924.
Introduced the IP (Industrial Paraffin) engine
Post WWI. Built the Wallis Tractor Co tractor under licence
1920 Extensive exhibition of single-cylinder and compound traction engines, steam tractor, compound road roller, portable steam engines, thrashing machines, binders, baling press, centrifugal pumps, a cold starting oil engine of 32 bhp, petrol-paraffin lamp-less engines from 3-9 bhp and various other internal combustion engines were shown at the Darlington Agricultural Show.
1920 November. Exhibited at the Motor Car Show at Olympia and the White City with a 20-25 hp four-cylinder engine (in addition to the already well known 16-20 hp model).
1921 Introduced the AP (Agricultural Paraffin) engine.
1924 After March 31st 1924 their London address changed from 46 Queen-street E.C. 4 to Imperial House, 15-17-19, Kingsway, London, W.C.2.
1927 See Aberconway for information on the company and its history
1927 Engine type 6H. 25 hp. Exhibit at Anson Engine Museum.
1931 Oil engine. Exhibit at Bradford Industrial Museum.
1931 Ruston and Hornsby was a major producer of small and medium diesel engines for land and marine applications. It began to build diesel locomotives in 1931 (and continued up until 1967). It was a pioneer and major developer in the industrial application of small (up to 10,000kW) heavy duty gas turbines from the 1950s onwards.
1933 Horizontal Oil Engine. Type 6XHRE. 36 hp. Exhibit at Anson Engine Museum.
1936 Built last steam engine.
1937 Listed Exhibitor - British Industries Fair. Patented Horizontal "Thermax" Boiler, 7ft. (2.13m) diameter, Patented Vertical "Thermax" Boiler, 3ft. (0.91m) diameter, 120lb. (54.4kg) pressure, Vertical Boiler, 2ft. (0.61m) diameter, 80lb. (36.3kg) pressure. Three Air Receivers. Specimens and photographs of Welded Work. (Stand No. D.318)
1940 The company merged with Davey, Paxman and Co of Colchester.
1944 Advert for oil engines.
1946 Gas turbine department established
1950 Gas turbine generator demonstrated to the press
1961 Manufacturers of gas, oil, diesel and marine engines, gas turbines, diesel locomotives, boilers, steel tanks and vessels, pumps and pumping plants, rotary industrial filters and chemical plant. 8,340 employees.
1963 The company closed its Grantham factory.
1968 The company became part of the General Electric Company (GEC).
1989 Part of GEC-Alsthom.
1998 Part of Alstom.
2003 Part of Siemens.
Technically, Ruston and Hornsby Ltd existed at the Vulcan Foundry in Newton-le-Willows in Merseyside until 2002, which was known as Ruston Diesels. It was taken over by MAN B and W Diesel AG on June 12th 2000.
Sources of Information
- The Times, Tuesday, Oct 14, 1919
- The Engineer 1921
- The Engineer 1924/03/28
- The Times, 24 May 1962
- The Times 19 January 1966
- The Times, 8 December 1966
- The Times, 19 October 1968
-  Wikipedia
- The Engineer of 9th July 1920
- The Engineer of 19th November 1920 p498
- 1937 The Aeroplane Directory of the Aviation and Allied Industries
- 1937 British Industries Fair p409
- The Modern Diesel edited by Geoffrey Smith. Published by Iliffe and Sons 1944
- 'One Hundred Years of Good Company' by Bernard Newman, published by Ruston and Hornsby, 1957
- 1961 Dun and Bradstreet KBE
- Traction Engine Album by Malcolm Ranieri. Pub 2005