Ransomes, Sims and Jefferies
Ransomes, Sims and Jefferies, engineers of Orwell Works, Ipswich were a major British agricultural machinery maker.
Genealogy of the Company
- 1785 Ransome and Co
- 1808 Ransome and Son
- 1818 Ransome and Sons
- 1825 James and Robert Ransome
- 1829 J. R. and A. Ransome
- 1836 Ransomes and May
- 1854 Ransomes and Sims
- 1869 Ransomes, Sims and Head
- 1880 Ransomes, Head and Jefferies
- 1884 Ransomes, Sims and Jefferies
1884 Ransomes, Sims and Jefferies was registered on 12 May, to acquire the business of Ransomes, Head and Jefferies agricultural engineers. . The management of the company would be continued by the partners of the old company: Robert Charles Ransome (Chairman), James Edward Ransome, John Jefferies, who became shareholders in the new company together with William Dillwyn Sims and members of the families .
1888 Issued catalogue on portable, traction, semi-portable, fixed, horizontal and vertical engines and boilers, portable pumping engines, steam-powered presses, centrifugal pumps, winding engines and gear, locomotive, Cornish, Lancashire and vertical boilers, mills, circular saw benches and log frames. 
1889 Semi-portable engine at the RASE show at Windsor. 
1894 June. Royal Agricultural Society's Show. Chilled digging plough, balance plough and three-furrow plough. 
1894 High-Speed Vertical Engines for Electric Lighting. Illustration and article. 
1900 June. Royal Agricultural Show at York. Showed traction and portable engines, thrashing machines, horse rakes, ploughing cultivators and lawn mowers. 
1903 Ransomes, Sims and Jefferies developed a prototype tractor with a 20 HP engine and a three-ratio gearbox.
1905 The company employed 2,000 persons.
1911 Smithfield Club Show. Exhibited 4 hp compound light tractor and two traction engines plus other items. 
1913-1917 For a list of the models and prices of Electric Vehicles see the 1917 Red Book. Maker of the 'Orwell' electric vehicle.
1913-1917 For a list of the models and prices of Petrol Motors see the 1917 Red Book
1914 Specialities: Portable and Traction Engines, Stationary Engines of all kinds, High-speed Vertical Engines for Electric Work, Boilers of all kinds, Thrashing Machines, Corn Mills, Tea Machinery etc. Employees 2500. 
WWI Makers of aeroplanes.
1919 An association was made with Ruston and Hornsby and this continued until 1940.
1920 The company showed the new motor plough called The Boon at the Darlington Agricultural Show. It was a petrol-paraffin engine of 20 hp at 800 rpm. 
1936 The MG2 tractor was introduced. It was a miniature crawler machine which was aimed at market gardeners and was produced for about thirty years.
1937 Listed as Engineers. 
1939 See Aircraft Industry Suppliers
WWII Manufactured parts for the De Havilland Mosquito
1956 Sold the steam engine part of the business to Robey and Co.
1961 Engineers, manufacturing agricultural implements, harvesting machinery, lawn mowers, horticultural tractors, electric fork lift and platform trucks. 3,200 employees. 
1989 The whole of the agricultural implement business was sold to Electrolux and merged with their subsidiary Overum. This left Ransomes solely as a manufacturer of lawn mowers, with the Westwood and Mountfield mower brands. The company accepted a take over offer from Textron Inc, USA their independent existence ended early in 1998.
The history of company is the subject of an exhibition at the Museum of East Anglian Life in Stowmarket, Suffolk.
Sources of Information
- The Stock Exchange Year Book 1908
- The Times, 15 May 1884
- The Engineer of 27th April 1888 p338
- The Engineer of 21st June 1889 p525
- The Engineer of 29th June 1894 p562
- The Engineer of 27th July 1894 p78
- The Engineer of 22nd June 1900 p650
- The Engineer of 8th December 1911 p594
- 1914 Whitakers Red Book
- The Engineer of 9th July 1920
- The Engineer of 22nd October 1920 p400
- 1937 The Aeroplane Directory of the Aviation and Allied Industries
- 1961 Dun and Bradstreet KBE
-  Wikipedia
- Traction Engine Album by Malcolm Ranieri. Pub 2005
- The Complete Encyclopedia of Tractors by Mirco de Cet published in 2006 by Rebo International ISBN 978-90-366-1893-9
- Aeroplanes of the Royal Flying Corps (Military Wing) by J. M. Bruce. Published 1982 ISBN 0-370-30084-x
- The British Motorcycle Directory - Over 1,100 Marques from 1888 - by Roy Bacon and Ken Hallworth. Pub: The Crowood Press
- Mosquito by C. Martin Sharp and Michael J. F. Bowyer. Published by Crecy Books in 1995. ISBN 0-947554-41-6