From Graces Guide
The British Steel Corporation was a large British steel producer, consisting of the assets of former private companies which had been nationalised
1967 The Iron and Steel Act of 1967 brought the 14 largest steel companies, representing about 90 per cent of the UK's steel making capacity, into public ownership as the British Steel Corporation. The following became part of the new organisation:
- Colvilles Ltd at Ravenscraig and Gartcosh Iron and Steel Co
- Consett Iron Co
- Dorman, Long and Co
- English Steel Corporation
- GKN Steel including Dowlais Foundry and Engineering Company at Merthyr Tydfil
- John Summers and Sons Shotton Steelworks at Shotton, Flintshire
- Lancashire Steel Co
- Park Gate Iron and Steel Co
- Richard Thomas and Baldwins of Spencer Works, Llanwern and Ebbw Vale Steelworks (already nationalized)
- Round Oak Steel Works
- South Durham Steel and Iron Co
- Steel Company of Wales of the Abbey Works at Port Talbot
- Stewarts and Lloyds including Stanton and Staveley
- United Steel Companies
About 250 companies, and 1200 foundries, escaped nationalisation; total turnover of this group amounted to around one half that of the nationalised companies
1968 Modernisation of the Whitehead Works at Newport
1968 Sheffield Rolling Mills was formed as a company jointly owned by British Steel, Balfour and Darwins (38%) and James Neill Holdings (17%) to operate the Tinsley Park bar mills at Sheffield, which were 5 years old; the private sector companies would transfer work there from their older plant
1969 Shepcote Lane Rolling Mills in Sheffield were being expanded. As result of the Nationalization Act, the mills were owned by British Steel (two-thirds) and Firth Brown, the largest private sector steel company
1972 British Steel made agreement with private sector Firth Brown to rationalise stainless steel operations by taking over the rolling of strip and plate; Firth Brown would retain the Firth-Vickers Stainless Steels company.
1972 British Steel sold about half of its Thurcroft, Rotherham brickworks, and the Castle Brick Co and other brickworks of the strip division to Butterley Brick Co, of Ripley, and Innes Lee Industries of Wrexham. Also created constructional engineering division Redpath Dorman Long
1973 British Steel sold its carbon- and mild-steel wire-making activities at Warrington (Rylands and Whitecross) and at Middlesbrough (Dorman Long) into a new company Rylands-Whitecross, jointly owned by Tinsley Wire Industries and British Ropes
1974 Workers at the East Moors steelworks were planning to buy the plant. The purchase depends on financial backing and scrap supply from steelmakers in Europe.
1974 British Steel bought out its partners in Sheffield Rolling Mills
From the mid-1970s British Steel pursued a strategy of concentrating steel making in five areas: South Wales, South Yorkshire, Scunthorpe, Teesside and Scotland. As a result Corby suffered and the early 1980s saw the loss of 11,000 jobs leading to an unemployment rate of over 30%.
1980 Another town that suffered was Consett; the closure of the British Steel works in 1980 marked the end of steel production in the Derwent Valley and the decline of the areas.
1981 British Steel forged a new £130 million joint company with GKN and bought out the steelmaking parts of the private steel and engineering group, Duport. The multi-company venture was code-named 'Phoenix-Two'. British Steel's decision to buy out Duport's re-rolling plants in Sheffield and the Midlands followed months of delicate negotiations involving Government ministers. The interests acquired comprised of London Works, Flather Bright Steels and Nationwide Steel Stock. As a result of this Duport's 350,000 tonne electric plant at Llanelli closed with the loss of 1200 jobs. The Corporation formed a new steel company Allied Steel and Wire code-named 'Phoenix One'. This joint venture company of British Steel and GKN merged their interests in rod and bar production.
1982 British Steel lost £358 million in 1981/82 compared to the previous year's £668 million.
1982 November. BSC's 'Big Five' was the name given to British Steel's five main steel centres.
|Works||Maximum standing liquid steel-making capacity||Employs||Role and Main Products|
|Llanwern||3.6 million tonne/year.||4,500 - 9,200 (1979)||Strip products division iron and steelmaking plant. Hot and cold rolled coil and sheet - big in automotive and white goods industries. Also supplies Welsh tinplate plants and Shotton coatings operation.|
|Scunthorpe||5.8 million tonne/year.||7,500 - 17,000 (1979)||Integrated general steels division plant concentrated on the Appleby-Frodingham site. Structural steel sections, joists, beams and bar. Also supplies billet to the former BSC Scunthorpe rod mill|
|Teesside||4-5 million tonne/year.||9,500 - 17,600 (1979).||Part of BSC's general steels division and takes in Redcar ironmaking complex and Lackenby BOS plant and mills. Steel beams and arch sections for construction industry, coil plate for Corby tubemaking, steel for Hartlepool mills.|
|Port Talbot||3 million tonne/year.||5,500 - 12,500 (1979).||Integrated strip products division plant. Hot and cold rolled coil, and sheet for automotive and white goods industries, galvanised coil and sheet for industrial doors, etc. and steel for BSC tinplate and coatings plants.|
|Ravenscraig||3.1 million tonne/year.||4,500.||Integrated strip products division plant. Range of steel strip types, supplies some strip to BSC coatings at Shotton, North Wales, and steel to Scottish plate mills.|
1983 Under the Lazard scheme to reduce capacity in castings, the Craigneuk Light and River Don Railway foundries were closed
1988 The company was privatised.
1991 In Scotland, Western Europe's largest hot strip steel mill at Ravenscraig, Motherwell, North Lanarkshire, was closed by British Steel in 1991, leading to huge unemployment in the area. It also led to the closure of several local support and satellite businesses, such as the nearby British Steel Clydesdale Works in Mossend, Clyde Alloy in Netherton and equipment maker Anderson Strathclyde.
1999 October 6th. British Steel merged with the Dutch steel producer Koninklijke Hoogovens to form the Corus Group
Sources of Information
- The Times, 1 May 1965
- The Times, Apr 26, 1967
- The Times (London, England), Thursday, Sep 19, 1968
- The Times, Mar 20, 1969
- The Times, 3 May 1972
- The Times, Apr 07, 1972
- The Times, Aug 17, 1973
- The Engineer 1974/01/31 p 11.
- The Times, Apr 27, 1974
- The Engineer 1981/02/26
- The Engineer 1982/07/15
- The Engineer 1982/04/22
- The Engineer 1982/11/18
- Competition Commission report on William Cook, 1990