Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Bolckow, Vaughan and Co

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1871. Winding engines at Skelton Iron Mine.
1926 (from ‘Middlesbrough Pictorial and Industrial’)
1926 (from ‘Middlesbrough Pictorial and Industrial’)
1926 (from ‘Middlesbrough Pictorial and Industrial’)
1926 (from ‘Middlesbrough Pictorial and Industrial’)
1926 (from ‘Middlesbrough Pictorial and Industrial’)
1926 (from ‘Middlesbrough Pictorial and Industrial’)

Bolckow, Vaughan and Co of Cleveland Iron and Steel Works, South Bank, Middlesbrough were ironfounders.

1830 (sic) Henry Bolckow and John Vaughan began work at Eston[1]

1841 Company established by Bolckow and Vaughan.

1864 Changed the name from Bolckow and Vaughan to Bolckow, Vaughan and Co. The company was established to acquire the iron works and collieries of the firm of the same name. [2]

1864 Incorporated as a limited company.

1866 See 1866 Cleveland Blast Furnaces for detail of furnaces at Eston, Middlesbrough and Witton Park.

1879 Acquired the Southbank Ironworks from Thomas Vaughan (they had originally been established by Bernhard Samuelson)[3]

1879 Sidney Gilchrist Thomas persuaded E. W. Richards, manager of Bolckow, Vaughan and Co's works, to try out the process that he and his cousin, Percy Gilchrist, had invented for dealing with the phosphorus in pig iron produced by the Bessemer converter[4] leading to the commercial production of steel.

1888 Started to build a few railway locomotives. [5]

1889 Cabry and Kinch's improved railway sleeper. [6]

1900 Acquired the Clay Lane Works of Sir Bernhard Samuelson[7]

1900 John L. Stevenson retires from chief engineer of the company to take up practice of consulting engineer.[8]

1914 Ironmasters, steel manufacturers and colliery owners. Specialities: Cleveland pig iron, hematite, ferro-manganese and spiegeleisen steel rails and plates, tramrails, ironstone, coal, coke and by-products such as sulphate of ammonia, benzol, toluol, xylol, sol, naphtha and motor spirit; also fire brick and plate bricks, ground annealed slag and artificial stone. The manufacture of steel is carried on by the acid and basic processes, both Bessemer and Siemens. Employees 18,000. [9]

Early 1920s Acquired Darlington Rolling Mills Co

1923 Bolckow, Vaughan and Co acquired an "important interest" in Redpath, Brown and Co, makers of structural steel, with works in London, Manchester, Edinburgh, Glasgow[10], in order to secure an outlet for finished steel[11].

1927 See Aberconway for information on the company and its history.

1929 Became part of Dorman, Long and Co.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Times, Dec 18, 1930
  2. The Stock Exchange Year Book 1908
  3. The Engineer 1905/05/12
  4. Wikipedia entry on Sydney Gilchrist Thomas[1]
  5. British Steam Locomotive Builders by James W. Lowe. Published in 1975. ISBN 0-905100-816
  6. The Engineer of 4th Jan 1889 p8
  7. The Times, Dec 18, 1930
  8. The Engineer 1900/01/26 p 106.
  9. 1914 Whitakers Red Book
  10. Aberconway
  11. The Times 30 January 1923