1851 Great Exhibition: Official Catalogue: Class VI.: William, John and James Garforth
From Graces Guide
208. GARFORTH, WILLIAM, JOHN, and JAMES, Dukinfield Iron Works, near Manchester — Manufacturers.
Steam riveting machine, having direct action.
The engraving gives the form of the machine, which consists of a strong cast-iron frame, a cylinder 36 inches in diameter, with piston and rod, on to which high-pressure steam is alternately let and discharged. The riveting portion being acted on directly by the piston rod, and the plates are thus closed and the rivet formed.
With this machine, one man and three boys can rivet with perfect ease, and in the firmest manner, at the rate of six rivets per minute, or three hundred and sixty per hour.
Annexed to the drawing of the riveting machine is a section of two pieces of boiler plate, riveted together by this machine, and planed through the centre of the rivet, to exhibit the accuracy of the work. The preceding figure represents this machine.